Environmental concerns have directed the research toward alternative plastic sources which are biodegradable under appropriate conditions and environmentally friendly, obtainable from readily available and cheap sources such as microorganisms, waste products, transgenic plants etc. The advantage of using these bioplastics are their production from renewable sources from sugars as intracellular storage material (Tekin et al., 2012), and can be degraded completely to carbon dioxide and water and humic substances. Biopolymers are microbially produced polymers and are completely degradable by microorganisms in to CO2 and water and humic material. The biological origin of these biopolymers makes it naturally degradable to carbon dioxide, water and humic material by various enzymatic activities present in the microbes under natural environment. Due to their complete biodegradability, more than 40 Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) families and their co-polymeric derivatives emerged as good attractive materials.
MAP’s stands for microbiome associated phenotypes. It is qualitative and taxonomy driven approach. These emerging MAP’s includes the traits like Plant growth, root architecture, flowering time, drought resilience and disease suppressiveness. This taxonomic and functional basis of MAP’s can be elucidated through amplicon sequencing, isolation and phenotypic screening and by using the shotgun omics approaches like Metagenomics, metatranscriptomics, Metaproteomics combined with the studies of metabolomics which will give a complete overview of metaphenome of a plant