Potato (Solanum tuberosum) is the most important food crop of the world. Potato is a temperate crop grown under subtropical conditions in India. The potato is a crop which has always been the ‘poor man’s friend’. Potato is being cultivated in the country for the last more than 300 years. For vegetable purposes it has become one of the most popular crops in this country. Potatoes are an economical food; they provide a source of low cost energy to the human diet. Potatoes are a rich source of starch, vitamins especially C and B1 and minerals.
Agriculture iis ithe ilargest iuser iof iland iand iwater iresources iin ithe iworld, iyet imillions iof ifarmers ilive iin ipoverty. iImproving itheir ifood isecurity iand ilivelihoods iwould ibe ieasier iif ithere iwere imore iland ito iput iunder ithe itill iand iendless iclean iwater isupply, ibut ithese iresources iare ilimited, inow imore ithan iever.