The amino acid sequences encrypted in food protein may have a nutraceutical and pharmaceutical properties called as bioactive peptides (BAP). Source riches in protein content can be used for identification and characterization of BAP by high throughput technology after their release from sources.
Category: Molecular Biology and Biochemistry
Salinity is the second major obstacle under abiotic stress after drought that affects crop yield. Plant under salt stress exerts osmotic stress, ion toxicity and nutrition deficiency effects. These effects can be manifested at morphological, physiological/ biochemical and molecular level. People use different approaches to reduce the deleterious effect of salt on plant i.e. agronomic approaches, breeding approaches and biotechnology approaches. A combined approach of biotechnology and breeding approaches is most preferable than individual one as salt stress tolerance is complex trait.
Nutraceutical is the basically medicine in form of food. Foods are enriched with mineral, vitamins, functional proteins and other biomolecule to get health and medicinal benefits. It provides the cheap alternatives to remove the malnutrition and improvement of health in developing countries. There are different approaches to enrich the food with nutraceutical benefits but before introduction, few points need to be considered like source of nutraceutical compound allergic or not, target effects and consequences need to be considered before introduction and their effect of doses on health.
Nanotechnology is a novel technology, applicable to almost all fields of sciences. Seed technology is a branch of agriculture that needs major concern. In seed technology, nanomolecules can be used in a different form for seed coating for different purposes such as contamination detection in seed field, seed protection, nano bioprocessing, seed hardening, seed physiology studies, seed moisture detection, release of dormancy etc. However, there are some engineered nanoparticles could exert physical or chemical toxicity on plant depending on their chemical composition, size, surface energy and importantly the species.
HKT is a major transporter of Na+ ion inside the plant. It regulates the uptake, distribution and maintenance of Na+/K+ homeostasis in the plant. HKT is family of protein in which some are specific to Na+ mainly, while some are specific to both Na+ and K+. The expression of concerned HKT in different parts at different stage may alleviate the Na+ ion toxicity in plants. Therefore Na+ toxicity which is due to salinity stress can be regulated by distribution of their transporters i.e. HKT.