Recent Published Articles:

  • Unleashing Meiotic Crossovers in Crop Plants

    Improved plant cultivars are important in order to meet out the challenges of a growing human population and limited planet resources. Success of plant breeding relies on meiotic crossovers to combine favorable alleles into novel varieties. However, meiotic crossovers are relatively rare event, typically one to three per chromosome, which limiting the efficiency and pace of the breeding process and related activities such as genetic mapping etc. Several genes that limit meiotic recombination were identified in the model species Arabidopsis thaliana. Mutation of these genes in Arabidopsis induces a large increase in crossover frequency. However, it remained to be demonstrated whether crossovers could also be increased in crop species hybrids. Mutation in these anticrossover genes FANCM, RECQ4 and FIGL1 leads to rapidly increase in recombination frequency which can be utilize to increase the efficiency of plant breeding methods.

    By: SURESH YADAV | Date: 6/28/2019
  • Status of export of potato products: India and the World

    Potato plays a vital role in food and nutritional security worldwide. FAO declared potato as the crop to address future global food security and poverty alleviation during 2008. It plays a very important role in Indian agriculture as potato alone contributes about 21 percent of the total vegetable area and 26 percent of total vegetable production. It is the third most important food crop after rice and wheat and the world’s most important non-grain food crop. As per FAOSTAT data for the year 2017, India with 48.6 million t is ranked second in potato production in the world, only behind China (99.2 million t). However, despite being ranked second in production, India position in export of potato products is very low when compared to other developed countries.

    By: Pynbianglang Kharumnuid | Date: 6/20/2019
  • Bioinformatics Tools: Breaking the Bottleneck in Transcriptome Assembly

    Transcriptome of an organism provides insights into basic biological processes, detecting variations in gene expression after experimental treatments or infection, discovery of tissue biomarkers, genes and their isoforms among others. Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) platforms generate huge amount of RNA sequence data in a single run. NGS platforms are highly sensitive to detect low-frequency genes. They are cost effective and allow higher throughput with sample multiplexing. In order to assemble such a huge data generated after sequencing, efficient bioinformatics tools are needed. The transcriptome analysis is crucially reliant on the quality of the underlying assembly. Till date various tools have been developed for transcriptome assembly following different algorithms. In the present article, various tools used for transcriptome assembly have discussed in brief.

    By: mahesh mahajan | Date: 6/14/2019
  • Plant Tissue Culture: A Vital Tool for Crop Improvement

    The cell is the fundamental unit of structure and function of a plant. Plant germplasm of vegetatively propagated species may be maintained in germplasm banks or tissue culture systems. Breeding vegetatively or clonally propagated species often includes the use of tissue culture systems.

    By: SURESH YADAV | Date: 6/9/2019
  • Nanotechnology: A New Emerging Perspective in Soil Science and Plant Nutrition

    The application of nanoparticles in the soil to reduces the applications of plant protection and fertilizer products, minimizing nutrient losses, and increase yields through optimized nutrient management.

    By: GANPAT LOUHAR | Date: 6/8/2019

    Among the long-term soil restoration techniques, biochar or as part of organic amendments and all its modified forms are more promising to soil GHG mitigation amendments.

    By: GANPAT LOUHAR | Date: 6/8/2019
  • Cryopreservation: A Novel Tool for Germplasm Conservation

    Over the past decades, plant cryopreservation technologies have been evolving rapidly, opening the door to the possibility of long-term storage of valuable germplasm accessions of many field crops and forest species. From the original slow-cooling approach, research has shifted to easier and more efficient techniques which allow a complete vitrification of extra- and intra-cellular liquids by direct immersion of explants in liquid nitrogen.

    By: SURESH YADAV | Date: 6/8/2019
  • Argemone Mexicana: Boons and Banes

    Argemone Mexicana is known with different names in different languages and regions but its uses for medicinal purpose are all where same. Every part of the plant from root to the leaves has specific medicinal quality. Argemone Mexicana has countless biological activities such as antibacterial, anti-HIV, anti-inflammatory, fungitoxic, antioxidant, antimalarial etc. The oil produced from the argemone seed can be used as biofuel. Argemone oil contains two major toxic alkaloids which can cause epidemic dropsy or sometimes loss of human lives. The higher per cent of oil content and the resemblance of argemone seed to that of mustard seed make it an adulterant in mustard oil. The government is taking necessary steps to curb it and few of the countries banned argemone production. It is very difficult to visually identify the mustard oil adulterated with argemone oil but on the basis of chemical tests the presence of argemone can be easily identified. Since Argemone Mexicana has both toxic compounds as well important medicinal uses so the choice of using it has always been a matter of debate.

    By: Anjali Sudhakar | Date: 4/29/2019
  • Economic importance and multifarious uses of the ‘Wonder Crop’

    Soybean origin dates back to 2800 BC in China. Like other beans, soybeans grow in pods and come under the category of edible oil seeds. The cultivation of soybean disseminated from North China to Korea, Europe and USA. About 85% of the world’s soybeans are processed annually into soybean meal and oil. Approximately 98% of the soybean meal is crushed and further processed into animal feed with the balance used to make soy flour and proteins. many other products can also be obtained from soybean.

    By: Subhradip Bhattacharjee | Date: 4/19/2019
  • Plant tissue culture and its role in modern agriculture

    Tissue culture has great significance in biological studies due to its various ranges of applications. The different type of processes that are involved in tissue culture may be complex and require a lot of care to avoid contamination. Till date, plant tissue culture industries are not regarded as an agriculture industry may be because of the fact that the plants are grown in the artificial media and not in the soil. To meet to the high plant demand, commercial plant tissue culture laboratories should be highly encouraged

    By: khushboo kumari | Date: 3/28/2019